Vascular Plant Species of Hujran Basin-Erbil / Iraq

Mustafa Azad HAMEED, Alper UZUN, Jawhar Fattah SAEED
1.120 205

Öz


This study was conducted to determine the flora of Hujran Basin. For this purpose; 950 plant samples from 17 different locations of different fields were collected. . In the study area, 288 plant taxa belonging to 57 families and 200 genera were determined. The largest numbers families were in Fabaceae (38; 13.2%), Asteraceae (37; 12.8%) and Brassicaceae (27; 9.4%), respectively. Overall, 272 plant taxa were categorized according to Raunkiaer life forms. Of these; 143 plant taxa (52.57 %) were determined as Therophyte, 59 species (21.69 %) as Hemicryptophyte, 30 species (11.03 %) as Phanerophyte, 24 species (8.82 %) as Cryptophyte (Cr-He: 1, Cr-Ge: 13) and 16 species (5.88 %) as Chamaephyte.

Key Words: Vascular plants, Hujran Basin, Erbil, Iraq


Erbil (Irak) Hujran Havzasının Vasküler Bitki Türleri

ÖZET: Bu çalışma Hujran Havzasının florasını tespit etmek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu amaçla; 17 mevkide arazi çalışmaları yürütülmüş ve yaklaşık 950 bitki örneği toplanmıştır. Sonuç olarak çalışma alanında 57 familya, 200 cinse ait 288 bitki taksonu tespit edilmiştir. En fazla taksona sahip familyalar sırasıyla; Fabaceae (38; %13.2), Asteraceae (37; %12.8) ve Brassicaceae (27; %9.4) olarak belirlenmiştir. 272 bitki taksonu Raunkiaer yaşam formlarına göre gruplandırılmıştır. Bunlardan; 143 bitki taksonu (% 52.57) Therofit, 59 bitki taksonu (% 21.69) Hemikriptofit, 30 bitki taksonu (% 11.03) Fanerofit, 24 bitki taksonu (% 8.82) Kriptofit (Cr-Helofit: 1, Cr-Geofit: 13) ve 16 bitki taksonu (% 5.88) Kamefit grubundadır.

Anahtar kelimeler: Vasküler bitkiler, Hujran havzası, Erbil, Irak


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