Arthrobacter (ROA) ve Kadife Çiçeği (Tagetes patula) Ekstraktlarının Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Populasyonuna Karşı Etkinliği

Ramazan ÇETİNTAŞ, Hilmi KARA
2.183 299

Öz


Nematodlar ile mücadelede yoğun olarak kullanılan nematisitlerin çevreye ve insan sağlığına verdiği zararlardan dolayı, son yıllardabu patojenlere karşı mücadeledeyeni alternatif yöntemlerson yıllarda daha sıkça aranmaya başlanmıştır. Bu çalışmadada, serada yetiştirilen domates ve hıyar bitkileri üzerinde,arthrobacter (ROA) ve kadife çiçeği (Tagetes patula) bitki ekstraktınınMeloidogyneincognita’nın üç ayrı seviyesi (0 J2/bitki,1000 J2/bitki ve2000 J2/bitki)’ne karşı etkinliği araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada Devguard (Iprodione)kontrol amaçlı kullanılmıştır. Kontrol muamelelerindeki bitkilerde bitki yaş ağırlıklarınındiğer Tagetes patula ve arthrobacter (ROA) muamelelerine göre daha yüksek olduğu görülmüştür (P<0.05). Tagetespatulave arthrobacter (ROA) uygulamalarının farklı nematod inokulum seviyelerindekiveri sonuçları istatistiki olarak farklılıklargöstermiştir (P<0.05). Elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda bu iki etmenin hem etkili hem de doğal ve düşük maliyetli olması nedeniyle Meloidogyne incognita ile mücadelede özellikle sera yetiştiriciliğindekullanılabileceği belirlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Domates, Hıyar, Kök-ur Nematodu, Arthrobacter, Tagetes patula

The effects of Arthrobacter (ROA) and Marrygold (Tagetes patula) Plant Extracts Against Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Populations

Abstract: Due to the detrimentaleffect of nematicides to the environment and to human health, recent years, and new alternative control methodsfor pathogens are more oftenbeing investigated. In this study, on greenhouse grown tomatoes and cucumber plants, the nematicidial effects of Arthrobacter (ROA) and marigold (Tagetes patula) plant extracts as compared Parodine (Devguard) on three inoculum level of root-knot nematode,Meloidogyne incognita(0 J2/plant, 1000J2/plant, 2000J2/plant) were investigated.Average plant fresh weight of control Iprodione was significantly higher than those of Tagetes patula and Arthrobacter (ROA)(P <0.05). Statistical analysis of data taken from Tagetes patula and Arthrobacter (ROA) treatments were varied among nematode inoculum level (P<0.05).Based on the results obtained from these substances, it suggested thatbecause of their low cost and being natural they could be good alternatives forMeloidogyne incognitacontrol in particularly in green house crop production.

Keywords: Tomatoes, Cucumber, root-knot nematode, Arthrobacter, Tagetes patula


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksujns.46233

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