Besinler ve Beslenme Çalışmalarında Drosophila

Eda GÜNEŞ
1.706 302

Öz


Bu çalışma, beslenme yoluyla vücuda alınan birçok besinin model organizma olarak kullanılan Drosophila melanogaster üzerinde meydana getirdiği değişikliklerin açıklanması amacıyla hazırlanmış bir derlemedir. Birçok bitkinin doğal kullanımları dışında, alternatif  tıpta ilaç ve antioksidan madde olarak da kullanıldığı bilinmektedir. Kullanım miktarına bağlı olarak antimikrobiyal etki, biyolojik parametreler üzerinde değişme ve oksidan-antioksidan özelliklere sahiptirler. Çeşitli kimyasallar, gıda katkıları, baharatlar, bitkiler ve yağları D. melanogaster üzerinde morfolojik, fizyolojik, biyokimyasal tepkilere neden olmaktadır. Yapay besine eklenen bitkisel ürünlerin güvenli tüketim miktarlarının model organizmalarda denenerek belirlenmesi, insan gibi besin zinciri yoluyla etkilenebilecek canlılar için önem arz etmekte ve daha ayrıntılı çalışmaların yapılma gereğini ortaya çıkarmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Beslenme, Drosophila, Bitkisel ürünler.

 

Drosophila In Food And Nutrition Studies

 

ABSTRACT: This is a review study aimed to describe the changes on a model organism, Drosophila melanogaster by taking varies nutrition into the body. Many plants, with the exception of being used naturally,  are known to be used in alternative medicine as a drug or antioxidant sustance. Depending on the amount of usage; these substances could have an effect of antimicrobial activity, changes on the biological parameters and oxidant- antioxidant effects. It is observed that various chemicals, food additives, spices or flavorings herbs and oils used in traditional or local dishes cause morphological, physiological, biochemical responses on D. melanogaster. Determination of safe consumption amount of herbal products added to artificial food is important to human beings affected through the food chain and presents more detailed and required study.

Key words: Nutrition, Drosophila, Herbal products.


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