Tekne Turları Kapsamında Rekreasyonel Taşıma Kapasitesinin Belirlenmesine Yönelik Bir Yöntem Yaklaşımı: Beyşehir Gölü Milli Parkı Örneği

Tendü Hilal GÖKTUĞ, Nihan Yenilmez ARPA
1.632 296

Öz


ÖZET: Milli parklar, sahip oldukları doğal ve kültürel öğelerinin bir araya getirdiği özgün karakterleri ile ilişkili olarak sürdürülebilirlik ilkesi çerçevesinde çok çeşitli rekreasyonel imkânlar sunmaktadırlar. Bu imkânlardan biri olan tekne turları ise her geçen gün daha fazla ziyaretçi tarafından talep edilmekte ve yöre halkı için geçim kaynağı oluşturan önemli bir sektör haline dönüşmektedir. Ancak sektördeki plansız büyüme, deniz, göl, kıyı ve kara ekosistemlerinde bozulmalara, rekreasyon kalitesinde düşüşlere ve ayrıca ekonomik yapıda zayıflamaya zemin hazırlamaktadır. Çalışmada, Beyşehir Gölü Milli Parkı’nda düzenlenen tekne turlarının sürdürülebilirliğinin sağlanması yönünde kara, kıyı, deniz ve göl alanlarına yönelik metodolojiler bütünleştirilerek,  birbirleri ile etkileşim içerisinde olan göl ve adalardaki rekreasyonel kullanım alanlarının taşıma kapasitelerinin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmada göl, kıyı ve kara rekreasyon alanlarının Fiziksel Taşıma Kapasitesi (FTK), Gerçek Taşıma Kapasitesi (GTK) ve Etkin Taşıma Kapasitesi (ETK) bütünleştirilerek hesaplanmış, elde edilen değerler planlama ve yönetim kapsamında yorumlanarak ekolojik ve ekonomik sürdürülebilirliğin sağlanması yönünde öneriler sunulmuştur.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Rekreasyonel Taşıma Kapasitesi, Korunan Alanlar, Sürdürülebilir Turizm, Beyşehir Gölü Milli Parkı

 

A Method Approach for Determining Recreational Carrying Capacity in the Scope of Boat Tours: Sample of Beyşehir Lake National Park

 

ABSTRACT: National parks, which have the natural and cultural elements that brought together as the original characters, offer a wide variety of recreational opportunities within the framework of the sustainability policy. The boat tours which one of these opportunities, demanded by more visitors each passing day and becoming an important sector, which is a source of livelihood for the local people. However, unplanned growth in the sector trigger the sea, lake and land degradation in coastal ecosystems, decline in quality recreation and also triggered a weakening of the economic structure. In this study, assessing the carrying capacity of recreation and boat using areas which interact with each other is aimed. In this context, the methodology approaches about carrying capacity of terrestrial, coastal, marine and lacustrine area are integrated. In the study, Physical Carrying Capacity (PCC), Reel Carrying Capacity (RCC), Effective Carrying Capacity (ECC) was calculated with integrating the coastal and rural recreation areas. The results obtained from calculation interpreted within the scope of planning and management and offer suggestions in terms of ensuring ecological and economic sustainability.

Key Words: Recreational Carrying Capacity, Protected Areas, Sustainable Tourism, Beyşehir Lake National Park


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksujns.06695

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